Karnta Jukurrpa (Womens Dreaming)

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Artist Valerie Napanangka Marshall
Skin name Napanangka
Jukurrpa Karnta Jukurrpa (Womens Dreaming)
Painting size 107 x 61 cm



This pain􏰁ng depicts Nakamarra and Napurrurla women hun􏰁ng for bush foods. The ‘kirda’ (owners) for this story are Nakamarra/Napurrurla women and Jakamarra/Jupurrurla men. Yumurrpa and Wapurtali are two major Dreaming sites owned by the Nakamarra/Jakamarra and Napurrurla/Jupurrurla subsec􏰁ons; these sites are also associated with bush food Dreamings. Yumurrpa is a major waterhole to the northwest of Yuendumu and a ‘yarla’ (bush potato [Ipomea costata]) Dreaming site. The area north of Wapurtali/Yintaramurru (Mt. Singleton) is a ‘wanakiji’ (bush tomato [Solanum chippendalei]) Dreaming site.
Warlpiri women hunt for a number of different bush foods at different 􏰁mes of the year. These include ‘ngarlkirdi’ (witche􏰃y grubs [Endoxyla leucomochla larvae]), ‘yunkaranyi’ (honey ants [Camponotus inflatus]), ‘jin􏰁parnta’ and ‘purlantarri’ (desert truffle [Elderia arenivaga]), ‘yuparli’ (bush bananas [Marsdenia australis]), ‘janmarda’ (bush onions [Cyperus bulbosus]), ‘pirlala’ (bush beans [Acacia coriacea seeds]), ‘ngarlajiyi’ (bush carrots [Vigna lanceolata]), ‘wayipi’ (small bush carrots [Boerhavia diffusa]), and ‘yakajirri’ (bush raisins [Solanum centrale]). Women tradi􏰁onally dug for these foods using wooden ‘karlangu’ (digging s􏰁cks). The end of the digging s􏰁cks were charred and ground on a stone surface to create a bevelled edge. Today many Warlpiri women use crowbars (also called ‘karlangu’) to dig for bush foods. Collected bush foods are tradi􏰁onally carried in ‘parraja’ (coolamons), which can be carried with a strap made from the ‘ngalyipi’ (snake vine [Tinospora smilacina]).
In Warlpiri pain􏰁ngs, tradi􏰁onal iconography is used to represent the Jukurrpa and other elements. Concentric circles are o􏰂en used to represent the bush foods that the women have collected, while straight lines can be used to depict the ‘karlangu’ (digging s􏰁cks). Sinuous lines are o􏰂en used to represent the ‘ngalyipi’ (snake vine).